Apparently this is Herod's family tree. This cancels out possibilities b and c strongly inferring that Paul obtained his Roman citizenship through his descent from Herod. Prentice Hall Biblical Archeological Society. However, Herod did have descendants who were of priestly descent although not Kohanim through his queen Mariamne the Hasmonean princess. Perhaps just an interesting coincidence.
Only the Sanhedrin can condemn a man to death. Biblical Archaeology Society, 1999 , p. Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple. Paul never claims in his writings to be of a priestly family. Antipater's elder brother, , served in the same capacity as governor of Jerusalem. Herod, owing his throne to Rome, had to pick a side, and he chose Antony. The history of his legacy has polarized opinion, as he is known for his colossal building projects throughout Judea, including his expansion of the in , the construction of the port at , the fortress at , and.
The younger daughter, Cypros, is known to history as the wife of King Herod Agrippa her cousin. Start your own family tree with access to the largest collection of family history records online. Herod's Around The World Herod Family Trees your ancestors in the largest collection of family trees online contributed by Ancestry users. It was said by some that it was better to be a pig than a son of Herod. Josephus stated that Herod was so concerned that no one would mourn his death, that he commanded a large group of distinguished men to come to Jericho, and he gave an order that they should be killed at the time of his death so that the displays of grief that he craved would take place; but his son Archelaus and his sister did not carry out this wish.
In Rome, Herod was unexpectedly appointed by the. A History of Israel from Alexander the Great to Bar Kochba, trans. This I also did in Jerusalem, and many of the saints I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and when they were put to death, I cast my vote against them. . Conclusion There is strong circumstantial evidence placing Paul in the family of Herod.
Other medieval dramatizations, such as the , follow Josephus' account. Josephus describes various units of Herod's personal guard taking part in Herod's funeral, including the Doryphnoroi, and a , probably and contingent. Although plausible, there may be an easier explanation. One qualifies for the Sanhedrin in thre ways: a as a kohanim priest from a pre-eminent family, b a leading rabbi who has gained aclaim as a scholar of the Torah or c as an appointee of the king i. The family was dysfunctional, tumultuous, and sometimes violent. My best guess is that he was the second son of Timius and Alexandra and, therefore, a great-grandson of Herod.
Prentice Hall Biblical Archeological Society. Herod was raised as a Jew. Phasaelus had five children by Salampsio; Antipater, Herod, and Alexander, and two daughters, Alexandra and Cypros; which last Agrippa, the son of Aristobulus, married; and Timius of Cyprus married Alexandra; he was a man of note, but had by her no children. In Josephus' account, Herod's death was preceded by a and followed by. Herod continued to rule his subjects as he saw fit. Thus, it is highly probably that any Herodian sitting on the Sanhedrin was also a Hasmonean.
All three Herodians named in this footnote were of Jewish royal Hasmonean descent. However, he generally respected traditional Jewish observances in his public life. As such, he was a vassal of the Roman Empire, expected to support the interests of his Roman patrons. The Many Faces of Herod the Great. Herod the Great University Press of America, 2005 , p. Prentice Hall Biblical Archeological Society.
Herod: Profile of a Tyrant. Vital details of his life are recorded in the works of the 1st century Roman—Jewish historian. Joseph and his family stayed in Egypt until Herod's death, then moved to in Galilee to avoid living under Herod's son. Augustus approved the for Antipater. Andrew Steinmann, From Abraham to Paul: A Biblical Chronology.
Herod amended his will so that Alexander and Aristobulus rose in the royal succession, but Antipater would be higher in the succession. Herod reconciled with Augustus, who also gave him the permission to proceed legally against his sons. Paul of Tarsus is the only individual in the New Testament identified as coming from the tribe of Benjamin, a highly unlikely fact given that the tribe essential died out. During this time, the young Herod cultivated a good relationship with , the acting Roman governor of Syria, who appointed Herod as general of and , greatly expanding his realm of influence. Herod, as King of the Jews, was alarmed at the prospect of a usurper.